Southern Exposure

Desde as Entranhas dos Labirintos Latinos.

Wednesday, September 13, 2006

Central American coffee farmers disappointed with results

Some coffee growers in Central America have been disappointed with the minuscule profits they’ve received in order to produce environmentally-responsible, organic, or fair-trade coffee. The costs of producing premium coffee- such as increasing wages, constant inspections, and reducing chemicals- are quite high though fair trade and environmental advocates emphasize that there are other benefits aside from receiving a healthy profit.


Tuesday, September 12, 2006

Bolivia hopes to be recognized for anti-drug efforts

Bolivian government officials have said that they are optimistic about receiving recognition from the United States for its anti-drug efforts, which may lead to a renewal of the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA). The agreement gave Bolivia greater duty-free access to US markets in an effort to provide alternatives to drug producers. (AdelaideNow)

BOLIVIA is moderately optimistic it will win an extension of United States trade preferences that are conditioned on fighting cocaine production because it is boosting anti-drug efforts, the country's vice president said today.

Alvaro Garcia Linera told Reuters in an interview that he presented an update on Bolivia's drug fight to State Department officials, including the top U.S. diplomat for Latin America, Thomas Shannon, on Monday.

The fight against drugs is one of the central points in the Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act, or ATPDEA, which is due to expire at the end of the year. The program gives top cocaine-producing countries in South America expanded duty-free access to the United States in an effort to boost their legal industry and job opportunities.

If it is not renewed, Bolivia – the world's third-largest producer of cocaine – will face higher tariffs on its exports to the United States.

"We stay moderately optimistic about the extension of the trade preference," Garcia Linera said in the interview.

"The new strategy of the (drug) fight is the intensification of prohibition, better control of the borders to prevent the entry of acids and components to prepare the drug and more police raids," he said in Washington, where he is on his second visit in two months.

He emphasized that Bolivia wants to improve relations with the United States on all levels.

Garcia Linera said the numbers prove that Bolivia is doing its job in the cocaine battle.

He said Bolivia is eradicating 25ha to 27ha of coca a day, up from 5ha a day earlier this year, and will wipe out 5200ha this year, meeting its commitment to the United States.

Colombia, Ecuador and Peru also receive benefits under the Andean program, which could expire in December if the U.S. Congress does not approve their extension.

Peru and Colombia are also waiting for Congress to ratify free trade agreements negotiated with the United States, which would end the benefits.

Drug tests
Alcohol tests
Ovulation tests